There are a number of bibliographic resources that report new solutions for a cleaner and safer chemistry: green chemistry. This 20th century chemistry integrates the optimization of the efficiency and energy consumption of processes, the recycling of raw materials and by-products of chemical reactions, the reduction of final waste and the impact on health and the environment. The challenges of the 21st century for the protection of the environment and humanity in general, as well as the competitiveness of the globalized market, require breakthrough innovations rather than simple continuity. One of the solutions would be a new “green chemistry of the plant” based on the plant as a raw material with both economic and responsibility values. However, innovation is needed throughout the entire chain, from cultivation to biorefinery, in order to obtain synthons that will be transformed according to the principles of green chemistry to make medicines, plastics, ingredients, etc. Thus, an essential link in this chain is the extraction, including the ” detexturing” of plant matter, as well as the obtaining of various metabolites.